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21st World Congress on Heart Disease



Ashok K. Srivastava, Ph.D., CRCHUM, Montreal, Quebec, Canada


cAMP has been shown to inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and exerts a vasculoprotective effect. An upregulation of the early growth response protein-1 (Egr-1) expression has been linked with the development of atherosclerosis and intimal hyperplasia. We have recently demonstrated that angiotensin-II (Ang-II) stimulates Egr-1 expression via Ca2+/ERK-mediated cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) activation. However, whether Ang-II-induced signaling leading to Egr-1 expression is modulated by cAMP remains unexplored. Therefore, in the present studies, we have examined the effect of cAMP on Ang-II-induced expression of Egr-1 and associated signalling pathways. Isoproterenol (ISO) and forskolin (FSK) attenuated Ang-II-induced Egr-1 expression in a dose-dependent fashion. In addition, dibutyryl-cAMP and benzoyl-cAMP, as well as isobutylmethylxanthine, attenuated Ang-II-induced Egr-1 expression. Moreover, inhibition of Ang-II-induced Egr-1 expression was accompanied by an increase in the phosphorylation of the vasodilator-activated phosphoprotein (VASP), and this was associated with a concomitant decrease in ERK phosphorylation. Blockade of PKA using H89 decreased VASP phosphorylation, restored Ang-II-induced ERK phosphorylation, and abolished ISO- and FSK-mediated inhibition of Ang-II-induced Egr-1 expression. In summary, these results suggest that PKA-mediated suppression of Ang-II-induced Egr-1 expression and phosphorylation of ERK may be among the mechanisms by which cAMP exerts its vasculoprotective effects. (Supported by a grant from CIHR)



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